Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
IPT is a 16-session integrative treatment for depression which maintains a ‘here and now’ perspective. The treatment aims to understand depressive symptoms in an interpersonal context, and it is framed around one of four predetermined interpersonal themes.
In therapy, the IPT model progresses through three main phases, each with distinct tasks. The assessment phase emphasises the collaborative review and integration of the interpersonal and symptomatic narratives. During the middle sessions interventions are targeted at one of four key focal areas – interpersonal role transitions, interpersonal role disputes, grief or interpersonal sensitivity.
The final phase of treatment addresses issues of ending, allowing for a review of progress and relapse prevention work. For some clients, a fourth phase, which aims to maintain good outcome and support relapse prevention, is negotiated.